Which Old Testament?

On the central importance of the Septuagint

Timothy’s scriptures

from a child thou hast known the holy scriptures, which are able to make thee wise unto salvation through faith which is in Christ Jesus. All scripture is given by inspiration of God 2 Timothy 3:15-16 KJV

Paul commends the spiritual heritage of Timothy, noting his childhood education provided him a solid grounding in Scripture. Occasionally we might be prompted to ask – what Scripture? It is self-evidence to most Protestants today that Paul is referring to the Hebrew bible, or Old Testament (OT) reflected in the Protestant canon. However, this is making assumptions, quite a few assumptions but we will explore only one – which text was scripture? Continue reading “Which Old Testament?”

Exploring Psalm 147

Recognising God’s care, provision and power

Psalm 147 doesn’t get the same airtime as the more well known psalms, e.g. 1, 22, 23, 51, and 110, and yet there is much that we can learn from it that is of value today. In this post we’ll work through the psalm looking at its history, structure, and teaching. Continue reading “Exploring Psalm 147”

How tall was Goliath and why it matters

How the giant of Gath grew in the telling

Goliath. The giant champion of the Philistines is a well known figure in western culture. The image of David taking on Goliath is a common metaphor for unlikely victories by underdogs. In addition to having entered into popular culture, the incident remains a regular staple of bible lessons for all ages. One aspect of the passage provides a simple example of the value of textual criticism. Continue reading “How tall was Goliath and why it matters”

Samuel: Levite or Ephraimite?

Dealing with difficulties in endless genealogies

There are two passages that mention Samuel the Prophet’s ancestry. They are 1 Sa 1:1, and 1 Ch 6:16-29. The latter claims he was a Levite, but the first, at least in all modern translations other than the ESV (and the KJV) states that he was an Ephraimite. What is to be made of this? Continue reading “Samuel: Levite or Ephraimite?”